Por Soraya Rodríguez Ramos

Women to the Farefront
IN AFGHANISTAN

Testimony of two Afghan women, refugees in Spain after the takeover of Afghanistan by the Taliban

Massouda Kohistani and Khadija Amin fled Afghanistan for fear of the Taliban’s repression. They took refuge in Spain, where they met. Kohistani is a women and human rights activist. After the Taliban took over Kabul, she supported networks of women who wanted to be evacuated and was also involved in the organization of the first protests of female university students. Meanwhile, after working for four years as a journalist for various Afghan media, Amin, was a presenter and reporter on the Afghan news until she was prevented from working. However, the overwhelming majority of Afghans have not been lucky enough to be able to leave the country and are living under Taliban rule. On 13 October, the two women took part in the presentation of Women at the forefront in Madrid. You can find below the full interview where both of them share their personal testimonies about the dramatic situation of Afghanistan and call to the international community to “please not recognise the Taliban terrorists as the government".

El pasado 13 de octubre, las dos mujeres participaron en la presentación de Mujeres al frente en Madrid. A continuación presentamos la entrevista completa, en la que nos narran, a través de sus testimonios personales, la dramática situación que está viviendo el país y transmiten una llamada de ayuda a la comunidad internacional: “por favor, no reconozcan a los terroristas talibanes como gobierno”.

Kohistani and Amin: the faces and voice of Afghan women

The violation of human rights and women's freedom in Afghanistan

Kohistani and Amin are the face and voice of millions of Afghan women. Both agree that the Taliban have not fulfilled their supposed promise to respect human rights. They agree that the radicalism and cruelty of the Taliban is still intact twenty years later and they denounce the continuous attacks on the population, particularly women, repression of citizen protests and a tight media control that curtails press freedom. Above all, they call on the EU and the international community to not believe the Taliban's empty promises. They ask to not recognise them. The Taliban are limiting women's freedom and participation in public life. A step backwards in the rights that, according to them, many women have worked so hard to win since the fall of the previous fundamentalist regime (1996-2001): "Under Taliban rule, women cannot work, girls are not allowed to go to school. We are seen only as caregivers," says Amin. Kohistani calls for protection for all women who, like her, had to leave the country seeking refuge and for those who still are in the country unable to continue their lives. Grateful for having managed to get on a plane and save her life, she states that "refugee women have lost all our achievements and the position reached in our countries of origin. We are nothing, we have to start from scratch", and she calls for attention to this situation and help to recover a formal activity that dignifies them.

Los talibanes están limitando la libertad y la participación de la mujer en los asuntos públicos. Un retroceso en los derechos que, según ellas, tanto esfuerzo costó conquistar desde la caída del anterior régimen fundamentalista (1996-2001): “Bajo el poder talibán, las mujeres no podemos trabajar, a las niñas no les dejan ir a la escuela. Somos vistas solo como cuidadoras”, afirma Amin.

Kohistani demanda que se proteja a todas aquellas mujeres que, como ella, han tenido que salir del país buscando refugio y a las que permanecen en él sin poder continuar con la vida que llevaban. Agradecida por haber conseguido subir a un avión y salvar su vida, afirma que "las mujeres refugiadas perdemos todos nuestros logros y la posición alcanzada en nuestros países de origen. No somos nada, tenemos que empezar de cero”, y reclama atención a dicha situación y ayudas para recuperar una actividad formal que las dignifique.

Massouda Kohistani, women and human rights activist. Following the Taliban takeover of Kabul, she supported networks of women who wanted to be evacuated and was involved in organising the first protests of female university students.

Press freedom and social media in Afghanistan

The media, now in the service of the fundamentalists, are at the centre of Taliban propaganda. Amin explain that in recent years "many journalists have been working for human rights, democracy and progress; however, now they are threatened for it". The lives of those who have not been able to flee the country are in grave danger. For Kohistani, the ideology and behaviour of the Taliban has not changed. "What has changed are the social networks: unlike 12 years ago, Afghans have access to social networks from anonymous profiles where they can express themselves more freely and get information through digital and social media," she says.

Para Kohistani, la ideología y el comportamiento de los talibanes no ha cambiado. "Lo que sí ha cambiado son las redes sociales: A diferencia de hace 12 años, los afganos tienen acceso a las redes sociales desde perfiles anónimos con los que poder expresarse con mayor libertad e informarse a través de los medios digitales”, señala.

After working for 4 years as a journalist for different Afghan media outlets, Khadija Amin was a presenter and reporter on the news in Afghanistan, until she was prevented from continuing to work.

How the European Union and the international community should act

While the Taliban continue to demand international recognition, the European Union plans to not recognise the Taliban's interim government in Afghanistan, but deliver humanitarian aid.

Amin recalls the harsh economic conditions faced by Afghans, but warns that the international community cannot turn a blind eye to the human rights violations committed by the Taliban or normalise the violation of women's rights.

To maintain our commitment to the Afghan people in general, and to Afghan women in particular, "the European Union must organise an international conference on the problems of Afghan women, to show how dramatic our situation is in Afghanistan," Kohistani adds.

Women at the forefront

Women at the forefront is a space for reflection led by Spanish MEP Soraya Rodríguez Ramos. Its aim is to make visible and recognise the role of women in different areas of political, economic and social life around the world and contribute to the recognition of the fundamental role of women in the construction of a fairer and more equal society.